Asthma is a lung disease. Asthma causes the breathing tubes in the lungs to temporarily narrow. People with asthma have difficulty breathing air in and out of their lungs. An allergen or irritant in the environment usually triggers an asthma flare-up. There is no cure for asthma. Some asthma flare-ups can be prevented. Asthma can be treated with lifestyle changes and medication. Untreated asthma can become severe and life threatening. People can control their asthma with self-management and medical treatment. Most people with asthma can lead normal lives.
It is very rightly said that when we own our breathe nobody can steal our peace. We all need to breathe's after all the secret of Life, hence imagine the state of a person when every breathe for him or her is an effort & a moment of fight for survival. Now what exactly is the condition which causes a person difficulty in breathing & the most commonly heard condition is called Asthma. Asthma is a disorder that causes the airways of the lungs to swell and narrow, leading to wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing. Causes, Incidence and Risk Factors Asthma is caused by inflammation in the airways. When an asthma attack occurs, the muscles surrounding the airways become tight and the lining of the air passages swells. This reduces the amount of air that can pass by. In sensitive people, asthma symptoms are triggered by breathing in allergy-causing substances (called allergens or triggers).
Symptoms of Asthma :-
What is an Allergy?
An allergy is the response of the body's immune system to normally harmless substances, such as pollens, foods, and house dust mite. Whilst in most people these substances (allergens) pose no problem, in allergic individuals their immune system identifies them as a threat and produces an inappropriate response.
Types Of Allergy :-
-Rubber Latex Allergy
-Allergy to Wasp and Bee Stings
-Severe Allergy and Anaphylaxis
What is Causing Your Allergy?
Allergic reactions are caused by substances in the environment known as allergens. Almost anything can be an allergen for someone. Proteins are organic substances which contain hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen, and form an important part of all living organisms. There are also found in food, along with fats, carbohydrates and other substances. However, only proteins can cause true allergic reactions.
The most common causes of allergic reactions are:-
-pollen from trees and grasses
-proteins secreted from house dust mites
-foods such as peanuts, tree nuts, milk and eggs
-pets such as cats and dogs, and other furry or hairy animals such as horses, rabbits and guinea pigs
-insects such as wasps and bees
-medicines (these may cause reactions by binding to proteins in the blood, which then trigger the reaction)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) makes it hard for you to breathe. Coughing up mucus is often the first sign of COPD. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are common COPDs.In COPD, your airways and air sacs lose their shape and become floppy, like a stretched-out rubber band.Cigarette smoking is the most common cause of COPD. Breathing in other kinds of irritants, like pollution, dust or chemicals, may also cause or contribute to COPD. Quitting smoking is the best way to avoid developing COPD.Treatment can make you more comfortable, but there is no cure.With chronic bronchitis the lining of the breathing tubes become swollen and produces a lot of mucus that gets coughed up. With emphysema the walls of the air sacs in the lung are broken down and the air spaces get larger and air gets trapped. Some people have both chronic bronchitis and emphysema, so we now prefer to call the disease COPD.A small number of people have a rare form of COPD called alpha-1 (AAT) related emphysema. This form of COPD is caused by an inherited lack of a protective protein in the blood.Signs and symptoms of COPD include Constant coughing, sometimes called "smoker's cough",shortness of breath while doing everyday activities,producing a lot of sputum (also called phlegm or mucus),feeling like you can't breathe or take a deep breath & wheezing.Quitting smoking,taking your medicine, oxygen therapy, pulmonary rehabilitation & surgery are some of the ways to treat COPD.
Immunotherapy is an effective way of modifying or avoiding disease by influencing the immune system. It is essentially a reinforcement of the body's own defence mechanisms.In Allergy Immunotherapy (Also known as specific or desensitization therapy) the mechanism is regarded as a correction of the immune system towards the way in which a no-allergic person would deal with the allergen.
llergy Immunotherapy attacks the underlying cause of the problem and provides a patient benefit wich is usually long lasting. Immunotherapy is generally applied in multiple gradually increasing doses, most frequently as injections under the skin. Oral vaccines are also produced.
A bronchoscopy is a medical procedure during which a narrow tube (a bronchoscope) is inserted through your mouth or nose in order to look inside your large airways. A bronchoscopy may be done to diagnose a condition such as lung cancer, or treat a medical problem such as a foreign object that is lodged in the airways.A bronchoscopy is used to evaluate ling symptoms such as a chronic cancer is suspected after an abnormality is seen on x-ray studies. During a bronchoscopy. We are able to visualize the inside of the airways, and take a biopsy of any areas that appear abnormal, to help diagnose a lung disease or lung cancer.Procedures.
We perform following procedures:Bronchoalveolar Labage (BAL)Bronchial Washing TBLB (Trans Bronchial Needle Aspiration). TBLB (Trans Bronchial Lung Biopsy)Conventional Endobronchial Biopsy.
Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lung tissue. It is usually due to infection. Pneumonia tends to be more serious than bronchitis. Bronchitis is an inflammation or infection of the large airways. Sometimes bronchitis and pneumonia occur together which is called bronchopneumonia.
Common symptoms of pneumonia include:
Less common symptoms of pneumonia include: