Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to visualize, diagnose, and treat problems within a joint. It involves the use of an arthroscope, a thin, flexible fiber-optic instrument that is inserted into the joint through small incisions. The arthroscope contains a light source and a camera, which allows the surgeon to view the inside of the joint on a monitor.
During an arthroscopy, the surgeon can examine various structures within the joint, including the cartilage, ligaments, tendons, and synovium (the lining of the joint). This allows for a detailed assessment of the joint’s condition and the identification of any abnormalities or damage.
Arthroscopy can be performed on various joints in the body, such as the knee, shoulder, hip, ankle, elbow, and wrist. It is commonly used to diagnose and treat conditions such as:
The benefits of arthroscopy compared to traditional open surgery include smaller incisions, less tissue damage, reduced pain, faster recovery, and potentially fewer complications. However, not all joint conditions can be treated with arthroscopy, and in some cases, open surgery may be necessary.
It’s important to consult with an orthopedic surgeon to determine if arthroscopy is appropriate for your specific condition and to discuss the potential risks and benefits associated with the procedure.